Josef Maria van Duinhoven|
January 26, 1920 - June 2, 1976
I recently changed back to my maiden name, Maria van Duinhoven. This being said I still retain ownership of the contents of this website as well as all poetry I wrote under the name Maria Sutherland. Since many of my poems are on various websites, printed out by other people with my permission, etc. those poems will remain under the name Maria Sutherland but any future poems will be signed with Maria van Duinhoven.
Written by Maria Sutherland (Maria van Duinhoven)
September 16, 1999
THE FREEDOM TO CHOOSE
Did you ever stop and think
about the simple freedoms that we have every day
and how many freedoms a soldier sacrifices
So you can live this way?
You can refuse to work more hours
overtime you donít have to do
you canít be fired or penalized
your rights give that to you.
You get a call at work one day
your babyís being born
everyone calls out congratulations
as you rush out the door.
And a new mother
has two choices she can make
stay at home with the child
or an outside job to take.
Nothing beats a nice warm bed
so quiet and serene
and any nightmares vanish
when the alarm screams.
Someone you love passes away
youíre told immediately
the law then guarantees
at the graveside you can be.
And what about all the little things
all those choices we can make
a shower or a bath
which one do I take?
I could go on for pages
It would be so easy to do
Now I want to talk of the soldierís life
And the freedoms they give up for you.
Youíve already put in your 8 hours
but youíre told thereís still work to do
you canít refuse the overtime
itís not an option for you.
Youíre wife just had your baby
but it will be months before youíre told
possibly years before you see him
and when you do heís a two years old.
Youíre a new my mom
And the doctor says youíre fit
itís time to leave that little one
a choice you do not get.
A nice warm bed is just a dream
or a distant memory
and the nightmares never go away
in war thereís no quiet or serenity
And when a loved one passes
It can make it hard to grieve
when death is all around you
and you know that you canít leave.
Even the simple act of cleanliness
Can be a gift of which you dream
To take a simple bath or shower
And luxuriate in the steam.
So next time you go to condemn a soldier
stop and think about what heís done
all that he chose to sacrifice
so you wonít lose even one.
Written by Maria Sutherland (Maria van Duinhoven)
November 11, 2006
War is a part of our lives whether it is something we learned in history class, have lived through ourselves or have lived with because our father lived during a war and took an active part in it as a soldier.
For me it was and is a very important part of my life. My daddy grew up during the Netherland's occupation by Germany and in 1944, during WWII, became a resistence member with the Dutch Underground, then a recognized Dutch soldier serving under the 9th Army US Provost Marshall after his area was liberated from occupation, and then in 1945 when his government asked for volunteers to go to the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) he went as aa Stoottroeper. Eventhough WWII was officially over then his trip to Indonesia was a result of that war so there is a relation. Although the war was long over when I was born in Canada, where my daddy emigrated in 1948 after Indonesia, the war played a major role in my life as what he experienced during his life in Holland molded the man he was and the way in which he raised me.
War is not about special battles or certain dates, it is about people - the people who lived with it every day whether in an occupied country, or as a soldier in the midst of battle - for it changed that person forever because of what they saw and were forced to do to simply survive. Those survivors live through the war every single day of their lives whether it is in a way hidden to the outside world - such as in their dreams at night, an event that triggers a memory, photographs from that time, watching a movie on television - or blatanly obvious in physical wounds and scars. War scars a person forever.
To truly learn about war and history we need not to memorize dates and battles but to learn about the people who lived through it for it is only then can we see and understand war for what it truly is --- a horrible life changing experience -- and that is what this site is about.
As you follow the links you will learn about what it was like to be part of the war, to experience it as the men who helped me learn about my daddy, and my daddy himself experienced it - as soldiers who lived the war.
I am going for my second undergraduate degree, Anthropology, after having finished a BA in Psychology and Criminology in May 2014. Part of my Honours Specialization in Anthropology BA includes biological anthropology. In preparation for the class I started making notes from the textbook and came across this article that I knew I had to share as it shows the physical generational impact of that time on pregnant women, their daughters, and those daughters' babies. I am just going to include the portion of the article dealing with the DUTCH HUNGER WINTER 1944-1945. Be aware that the term "natural experiment" simply means that this was something that was done by nature as a survival mechanism. Reference information will be at the end of the information. For some of the biological terms I have put a definition in square brackets with my name as they are not included in the article as it assumes the reader knows what they mean.
"A classic "natural experiment" occurred during the Second World War with the Dutch Hunger Winter of 1944-45. The occupying forces of Nazi Germany placed an embargo on food supplies to the western Netherlands, leaving citizens without adequate nutrition. By February 1945 the average energy intake was less than 600 calories per day, and as many as 18,000 people died from malnutrition or related causes by the time the embargo was listed in May 1945. But the Hunger Winter left a rich scientific legacy, one that documented the disease epidemiology of starvation over several generations. Among the findings of the Dutch Famine Birth Cohort Study [Birth Cohort is a group of people that were all born at the same time - Maria] with women who were pregnant during their first trimester through the Hunger Winter gave birth to children of normal birth weight, whereas the daughters of these women subsequently gave birth to LBW [Low Birth Weight - Maria] babies. Christopher Kuzawa (2005) has labelled this effect intergenerational phenotypic inertia, and its implications are profound. Intergenerational phenotypic inertia is an epigenetic [genetic and nongenetic influences on gene expression - Maria] phenomenon whereby a fetus is able to regulate its own development in utero by predicting the nutritional environment into which it is likely to be born, based on "epigenetic signals" received from its mother and her mother, grandmother, and so on. This matrilineal [mother/maternal - Maria] character of phenotypic inertia occurs because the uterine environment provided by a mother is derived in part from her own experience of her mother's uterine environment. The evolutionary logic is quite simple, in fact. Fast growth and a large size in a fetus leads to greater nutritional demands during gestation and after birth. If a mother was temporarily receiving more than adequate nutrition while pregnant, even though the typical situation was one of chronic food shortages, giving birth to larger babies and children would be potentially disastrous, as there would not be sufficient resources for it after birth! Conversely, a fetus should not limits its growth in utero if the mother is nutritionally deprived in the short term."
Reference -- A Human Voyage Exploring Biological Anthropology 1st edition, 2010, by Anne Keenleyside and Richard Lazenby, Nelson Education, page 78.
You can leave any messages by emailing me (NEW ADDRESS), Maria van Duinhoven Any suggestions for new links, information about my Dad, the names of any of the people in the photographs, where they were taken or when, or anything else you might wish to tell me would be greatly valued and very much appreciated.
I am writing in the hope that you may be able to help me in my search for relatives of three Dutch Air Crew who were killed on 15th Feb 1944, I am compiling a pictorial book of remembrance for all of the airmen (580) buried at Botley Oxford England. Among those buried here are three Dutch boys, H.J.P. Jensen, H.J. Boots, and J.G. Egter van Wissekerke. They were all killed when their 320 Sqdn B25 Mitchell FR194 crashed near Buckingham 15-2-44, I am hoping to obtain photo's of them that could be reproduced in their memory in my book of remembrance, we also hope to place a plaque of remembrance at the crash site in the near future. I must congratulate you on a great web site, and good luck to you in all you do.
Thank you for your offer of help in our research, we are currently working on a new web site which we hope to have up and running soon, as soon as we do I will inform you. Thank you once again for your help.
The Remembrance Society
Dutch 320 Squadron RAF and 25th October 1943
* New Information Added March 2005 *
Tiger Brigade Tussen Sawahs en Bergen "Het Leven van de soldaat in de Tijger Brigade" English translation -Between Rice Fields and Mountains "the life of the soldiers in the Tiger Brigade" (work in progress); Signal Unit Headquarters
Book List - Dutch East Indies Police Action 1945 on
Stories from other WWII-Indonesia Dutch Veterans
The Regiment Stoottroepen Website (English Version)
2002 New Band on Flag Regiment Stoottroepen Prins Bernhard
Strijdend Nederland in Dutch
The chapel and Place of Honour in Dutch
Other Related Sites
Jan Gerritsen -32 year search for his English father, also hundreds of excellent links
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